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Tierra conducted a cultural resources inventory of 720 acres managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) near Teague Springs Indian Hot Springs, a 1930s-era Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) camp northeast of Safford, Arizona. The BLM solicited the survey in its goal to better understand and document the work performed by the CCC in the Safford Basin.


Teague 9Over the scheduled period of 5 10-hour field days, Tierra’s 4-person crew mapped, photographed, and described 285 CCC water-control features and recorded 16 new archaeological sites, as well as 111 isolated artifacts. The final survey report was delivered within three months of the completion of fieldwork.

The large number of water-control features found during the survey suggests that erosion control and grazing enhancement were of foremost concern in the area, and the discovery of prehistoric rock pile agricultural sites and artifact scatters suggests that manipulation of the environment to enhance its productive capabilities began long before the CCC work in the 1930s. These discoveries can contribute to our understanding of how inhabitants have interacted with the natural environment of the Safford Basin. As a result of the survey, the BLM’s Safford Field Office hired Tierra for a long-term research project to nominate three other CCC camps in the Safford Basin to the National Register of Historic Places.